Isoprostanoid profiling of marine microalgae

TitleIsoprostanoid profiling of marine microalgae
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsVigor C, Oger C, Reversat G, Rocher A, Zhou B, Linares-Maurizi A, Guy A, Bultel-Poncé V, Galano J-M, Vercauteren J, Durand T, Potin P, Tonon T, Leblanc C
Date Publishedjul
KeywordsIsoprostanoids, Micro-LC-MS/MS, Microalgae, Oxidative stress, PUFAs, RCC1349, RCC20, RCC69

¡p¿Algae result from a complex evolutionary history that shapes their metabolic network. For example, these organisms can synthesize different polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as those found in land plants and oily fish. Due to the presence of numerous double-bonds, such molecules can be oxidized nonenzymatically, and this results in the biosynthesis of high-value bioactive metabolites named isoprostanoids. So far, there have been only a few studies reporting isoprostanoid productions in algae. To fill this gap, the current investigation aimed at profiling isoprostanoids by liquid chromatography -mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in four marine microalgae. A good correlation was observed between the most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) produced by the investigated microalgal species and their isoprostanoid profiles. No significant variations in the content of oxidized derivatives were observed for Rhodomonas salina and Chaetoceros gracilis under copper stress, whereas increases in the production of C18-, C20- and C22-derived isoprostanoids were monitored in Tisochrysis lutea and Phaeodactylum tricornutum. In the presence of hydrogen peroxide, no significant changes were observed for C. gracilis and for T. lutea, while variations were monitored for the other two algae. This study paves the way to further studying the physiological roles of isoprostanoids in marine microalgae and exploring these organisms as bioresources for isoprostanoid production.¡/p¿