Effects of Nitrogen Starvation on Growth and Biochemical Composition of Some Microalgae Species

TitleEffects of Nitrogen Starvation on Growth and Biochemical Composition of Some Microalgae Species
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsŞi̇Ri̇N PAKDOĞAN, Serdar S

Abstract Nitrogen is one of the most important nutrient sources for the growth of microalgae. We studied the effects of nitrogen starvation on the growth responses, biochemical composition and fatty acid profile of Dunaliella tertiolecta, Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Nannochloropsis oculata . The lack of nitrogen caused changes in carbohydrate, protein, lipid and fatty acid composition in all examined microalgae. The carbohydrate content increased 59% in D. tertiolecta , while the lipid level increased 139% in P. tricornutum under nitrogen stress conditions. Nitrogen starvation increased the oligosaccharide and polysaccharide contents of D. tertiolecta 4.18-fold and 3.77-fold, respectively. Furthermore, triacylglycerol (TAG) levels in N. oculata and P. tricornutum increased 2.3-fold and 7.4-fold, respectively. The dramatic increase in the amount of TAG is important for the use of these microalgae as raw materials in biodiesel. Nitrogen starvation increased the amounts of oligosaccharides and polysaccharides of D. tertiolecta , while increased eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in N. oculata and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content in P. tricornutum . The amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), EPA, DHA, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides in microalgal species can be increased without using the too costly nitrogen source in the culture conditions, which can reduce the most costly of living feeding.